Gum Problem

What is gum disease?

Gum disease (also known as periodontitis) is an extremely common ailment that is often caused by the build-up of plaque. Gum disease can cause serious problems for the teeth and eventually lead to tooth loss. Statistics suggest that around 50 to 80 percent of the population suffer from gum disease.

What are the symptoms?

If oral health is maintained to a high standard, gums will be pink and firm while keeping the teeth anchored securely in place. Additionally, there should not be any gum bleeding on brushing.

Gum disease is not usually painful, however, sufferers may notice swelling and redness of the tissue, as well as bleeding after brushing or flossing. Other signs are:

  • Bad breath
  • Receding gums
  • An unpleasant taste in the mouth
  • Sensitive teeth
  • Occlusion (bite) analysis
  • Loose teeth, which can make eating a more difficult task
  • Gum abscesses and infection

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Am I likely to suffer from gum disease?

Majority of people will fall victim to the condition at some point in their lives, particularly if they neglect their oral health.

What are the causes of gum disease?

The most common cause is a lack of oral hygiene which results in plaque buildup. This soft, sticky substance is formed when bacteria collects on the surface of the teeth and can result in long-term issues if left untreated.</br>

There are also a number of risk factors that can increase a person’s chance of developing the condition. These include smoking, diabetes, and a weakened immune system (usually due to an illness such as HIV, AIDS or through chemotherapy treatment).

How is it diagnosed?

Patients who have noticed they are displaying some of the symptoms of this condition should book an appointment with one of the dentist, hygienist as soon as possible.

How is gum disease treated?

Scale and polish – Minor gum disease is treated by a hygienist. Hygienists remove plaque and tartar from teeth using a special instrument.

Root planning – For more advanced gum disease, bacteria will have to be removed form the roots of the teeth. Patients will need local anaesthetic to numb the area effectively before the treatment begins.

Additional treatment – Patients with very severe cases of gum disease may need gum surgery or the removal of the affected tooth.

How is gum disease treated?

An efficient dental hygiene routine could result in individuals maintaining healthy teeth and gums.

An efficient hygiene routine includes:

  • Brushing for between two and three minutes twice every day
  • Using a toothpaste that includes fluoride to protect against decay
  • Flossing teeth once a day
  • Abstaining from unhealthy lifestyle choices such as smoking
  • Visiting the dentist and hygienist on a regular basis